Bartholine-Cysts

Last Updated: 2019-08-26

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Bartholin's retention cyst

Indolent cysts originating from the Bartholin glands (vaginal atrial glands).

The cause is a transfer of the duct of a Bartholin's gland, often as a result of Bartholinitis.

Skin-coloured, sharply defined, bulgingly elastic, hemispherical knot. It is important to distinguish the disease from hidradenitis suppurativa, which also affects other intertriginous areas.

Clinic

Biopsy, if necessary

Inner edge of the labia in the middle/lower third of the vulva. 

If an inflammation of the excretory duct occurs, this is called bartholinitis.

Exizision (Marsupialization)

 

  1. Reif P, Ulrich D, Bjelic-Radisic V, Hausler M, Schnedl-Lamprecht E, Tamussino K. Management of Bartholin's cyst and abscess using the Word catheter: implementation, recurrence rates and costs. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015;190; 81-84.
  2.  Reif P, Elsayed H, Ulrich D, Bjelic-Radisic V, Hausler M, Greimel E, et al. Quality of life and sexual activity during treatment of Bartholin's cyst or abscess with a Word catheter. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015;190; 76-80.
  3. Heller DS, Bean S. Lesions of the Bartholin gland: a review. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2014;18; 351-357.