Primär kutanes anaplastisches grosszelliges 30-positives Lymphom (solitäre oder lokalisierte Läsionen)

Letztmals aufdatiert: 2020-08-31

Autor(en): -

Stein, 1985.

  • Häufigkeitsgipfel: Kinder, Jugendliche und auch im höheren Alter vorkommend
  • Männer > Frauen
  • Solitäre oder gruppiert auftretende, teils ulzerierte Knoten
  • Lymphknoten-, Lungen- und ZNS-Beteiligung möglich
  • Klinik
  • Labor
    • BSG/CRP, Diff.-BB (Leukozytose, rel. Lymphozytose), Leber- und Nierenwerte, LDH, Elektrolyte
    • FACS-Analyse, CD4/CD8 Ratio, Bestimmung der CD4+CD7- Zellen
    • Ggf. Immunelektrophorese
    • Ggf. HTLV-Serologie
    • Ggf. Borrelienserologie
  • Biopsie
    • Dermatopathologie
    • Immunhistologie
      • CD30+ von mindestens 75% der Tumorzellen, CD3+ und CD4+
      • ALK-1 negativ
    • Molekularbiologisch: Klonales Rearrangment von T-Zell-Rezeptor-Genen
  • Ganzkörper-CT, Lymphknotensonographie, ggf. PET-CT

Anaplastische und pleomorphe Zellen bilden noduläre dermale Infiltrate.

5-Jahres-Überleben: 90%

  • Bei isoliertem Tumor Exzision oder Bestrahlung (Fraktionierte Radiotherapie (2-3mal/Woche, GD 25-30 Gy, ED 2-5 Gy))
  • Bei multifokalen Läsionen mit Regressionen: Bestrahlungstherapie (s.o.)
  • Bei disseminiertem Auftreten: Chemotherapie oder Bestrahlungstherapie:
    • Chemotherapie:
      • Methotrexat
      • Knospe-Schema
      • CHOP-Schema
      • COPBLAM-Schema
      • Alternativ bei disseminierten Tumoren Ganzkörperbestrahlung mit schnellen Elektronen (GD: 30 Gy, ED: 2 Gy)

 

  • Biologicals
    • Anti-CD30-Antikörper
      • Brentuximab i.v. 1,8 mg/kg KG (max. 180 mg) alle 3 Wochen
        • Infusion über 30  Minuten
        • min. 8, max. 16 Zyklen
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