Last Updated: 2019-08-26

Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.

ICD11: -

Bartholin's retention cyst

Indolent cysts originating from the Bartholin glands (vaginal atrial glands).

The cause is a transfer of the duct of a Bartholin's gland, often as a result of Bartholinitis.

Skin-coloured, sharply defined, bulgingly elastic, hemispherical knot. It is important to distinguish the disease from hidradenitis suppurativa, which also affects other intertriginous areas.


Biopsy, if necessary

Inner edge of the labia in the middle/lower third of the vulva. 

If an inflammation of the excretory duct occurs, this is called bartholinitis.


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  2.  Reif P, Elsayed H, Ulrich D, Bjelic-Radisic V, Hausler M, Greimel E, et al. Quality of life and sexual activity during treatment of Bartholin's cyst or abscess with a Word catheter. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015;190; 76-80.
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