Last Updated: 2023-07-07

Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.



Acute to chronic, non-infectious inflammatory reaction of the dermis and epidermis. Dermatitis is the term for acute inflammation, eczema for chronic forms. 

  1. Cumulative toxic eczema
  2. Allergic contact dermatitis
  3. Atopic eczema
  4. Xerotic eczema
  5. Seborrhoeic eczema
  6. Photoallergic eczema
  7. Stasis dermatitis
  8. Idiopathic eczema

Various etiologies, depending on the classification. 

(Acute) Dermatitis: Erythema, vesicles, crusts, papules, infiltration, excoriations.

(Chronic) Eczema: Erythema, hyperkeratosis, lichenification, infiltration, excoriations.

In most cases the diagnosis can be made by anamnesis and clinical manifestion. Biopsies can be performed, if needed.

Acanthosis, sponiogisis and sometimes serum crusts.