Last Updated: 2023-07-07
Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.
Most throat infections occur in summer and autumn, especially in young children and adolescents.
- Incubation period: 2-9 days
- Herpangina is caused by type A coxsackie viruses (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10)
High, often biphasic fever (up to 40°C), convulsions, nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea and myalgias. In the course of the disease, vesicles appear in the pharyngeal region and the palatum molle. After about 4 days, the vesicles erupt with the formation of ulcers and subsequent healing within 14 days
- Virus isolation is possible (CSF, blood, stool, throat lavage water)
- Chang LY, King CC, Hsu KH, et al. Risk Factors of Enterovirus 71 Infection and Associated Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease/Herpangina in Children During an Epidemic in Taiwan. PEDIATRICS 2002;109:e88-e.
- Nakayama T, Urano T, Osano M, et al. Outbreak of herpangina associated with coxsackievirus B3 infection. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 1989;8:495-8.