Raynaud's phenomenon

Last Updated: 2023-07-07

Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.

ICD11: BD42.Z

Raynaud 1862

Finger discolouration.

Women > men.



  • Cold
  • Pituitary dysregulation

First there is a whitish (hypoxia), then bluish (cyanosis), reddish discolouration (hyperaemia)


History (trigger factors)

Clinical (provocability?)

  1. Pistorius MA, Carpentier PH; le groupe de travail « Microcirculation » de la Société française de médecine vasculaire. Minimal work-up for Raynaud syndrome: a consensus report. Microcirculation working group of the Société française de médecine vasculaire. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Aug-Sep;140(8-9):549-54. 
  2. Landry GJ. Current medical and surgical management of Raynaud's syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2013 Jun;57(6):1710-6.
  3. Poredos P, Poredos P. Raynaud's Syndrome: a neglected disease. Int Angiol. 2016 Apr;35(2):117-21. Epub 2015 Feb 12.