Typhoid fever

Last Updated: 2019-08-26

Author(s): -

Notifiable, potentially fatal infection with Salmonella typhi.

Approx. 500,000 deaths / year.

  • Causative organism 
    • Salmonella typhi.
  • Transmittance
    • Contamination of food by faeces.
  • The reservoir of the pathogen is man. Asymptomatic excretion is also possible.

  • Fever, reduced general condition, constipation and cephalgias.
  • Erythematous maculae (roseoles) can develop abdominal and transform into papules in the course.

  • Healing can take place with postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.

  • Clinic 
  • Stool sample for pathogen detection.

  • Serological antibody detection.

  • If necessary, dermatopathological protection.

Extended capillaries correlate with roseoles.

  • Ciprofloxacin p.o. 500 mg 2x daily for 14 days.
  • The detection of the pathogen must be reported.

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