Xerosis cutis

Last Updated: 2019-08-26

Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.

ICD11: -

Sebostasis, Pityriasis simplex corporis, Pityriasis simplex capilitii, Pityriasis simplex faciei.

Dry skin that can be caused by various underlying diseases.

Very often, especially in old age.

  • Higher age
  • Drying out through intensive hygiene measures 

  • ichthyoses 
  • Atopic Eczema
  • Medications 
    • Retinoids
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia

Dry skin, with hyperkeratosis and scaling. Dermatoscopically the white scale signal can be seen. This should also be seen as an indication for re-fattening measures.

Medical history


Above all at the lower legs, however at the whole body possible.


Severe xerosis can lead to desiccation eczema.


Very good with adequate re-greasing.

1             Klemmer A, Anzengruber F, Kazakov D, Navarini AA: White Scale Sign for Xeroderma. JAMA Dermatol 2016

2             Mischo M, von Kobyletzki LB, Brundermann E, Schmidt DA, Potthoff A, Brockmeyer NH, Havenith M: Similar appearance, different mechanisms: xerosis in HIV, atopic dermatitis and ageing. Exp Dermatol 2014;23:446-448.

3             Paul C, Maumus-Robert S, Mazereeuw-Hautier J, Guyen CN, Saudez X, Schmitt AM: Prevalence and risk factors for xerosis in the elderly: a cross-sectional epidemiological study in primary care. Dermatology 2011;223:260-265.

4             Valentine J, Belum VR, Duran J, Ciccolini K, Schindler K, Wu S, Lacouture ME: Incidence and risk of xerosis with targeted anticancer therapies. J Am Acad Dermatol 2015;72:656-667.