Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Last Updated: 2019-08-27
American rock fever, New World tick bite fever.
Rickettsia rickettsii occurring by Rickettsia rickettsii.
- Spread all over the world.
- Especially in the American continent (especially during the spring or summer months).
- Children between the ages of 4 and 10 are mostly affected.
- Pathogen: Rickettsia rickettsii, Rickettsia rickettsii is transmitted by tick bites.
- Incubation period: 2-14 days.
- In the area of the inoculation site a partly ulcerated, possibly encrusted papule appears.
- Maculopapular exanthema (initial at wrists and ankles).
- Nosebleeds, fever, splenohepatomegaly.
- Kidney, liver and CNS may become involved.
- Travel medical history
- Lice infestation.
- Blood count, liver and kidney values, electrolytes.
- From the 2nd week of illness Weil-Felix reaction (agglutination test).
- From the 3rd week of the disease, complement fixation reaction.
- Indirect immunofluorescence test from the 3rd week of the disease.
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