Last Updated: 2023-07-07
Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.
- Crocq 1896
- Discolouration of the acras (blue-white) due to reduced blood supply (cyanosis).
- Cyanotic (oxygen-poor) blood remains in the venous capillaries and venules. The arterioles are narrowed. This results in a lack of oxygen. Causes of include:
- Genetic disposition
- Vegetative dysregulation of the microcirculation
- Nerval-related disturbances
- Association: livedo reticularis.
- Whitish-bluish skin discolouration. Numbness is described.
- Mostly the acras are affected.
- Verrucae vulgaris
- Fungal infections
- Often, the symptoms subside in middle age
 Heidrich H. Functional vascular diseases: Raynaud's syndrome, acrocyanosis and erythromelalgia. Vasa. 2010;39; 33-41.
 Kurklinsky AK, Miller VM, Rooke TW. Acrocyanosis: the Flying Dutchman. Vasc Med. 2011;16; 288-301.
 Planchon B, Becker F, Carpentier PH, Lazareth I, Le Devehat C, Levesque H, et al. [Acrocyanosis: changing concepts and nosological limitations]. J Mal Vasc. 2001;26; 5-15.