Last Updated: 2020-08-11
A rare human smallpox disease transmitted by cats.
Transmission occurs via rodents and cattle, but mainly via cats. Skin lesions serve as entry ports.
- Usually only one primary lesion, which initially appears as a reddened macula
- In the course of the disease, formation of pustules and lumps, possibly an ulceration
- Otherwise a reduced general condition, fever and lymphadenopathy
- Clinical features
- Electron microscopy (negative contrasting)
- Pathogen detection
In almost 50% of cases hands or fingers are affected, otherwise face and neck.
Scarred healing occurs in 6-8 weeks.
- Topical antiseptic
- Approved systemic drugs do not exist. Cidovir has been shown to be effective in studies, but its use must be discussed due to its potentially lethal side effects
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