Last Updated: 2023-07-07
Author(s): Anzengruber F., Navarini A.
ICD11: 1E 72
Zoonosis caused by the poxvirus bovis (orthopoxvirus). Rodents (e.g. rats) are the main reservoir of the pathogen, but humans, cats and cattle can be infected.
- Risk groups: Atopics, immunosuppressed patients
Transmission occurs via rodents and cattle, but mainly via cats. Skin lesions serve as a portal of entry.
After the appearance of erythema, papulovesicles and pustules, ulceration occurs (after about 2 weeks). In addition to local swelling, painful lymphadenitis is often seen. Sometimes a reduced AZ, febrile temperatures and ocular involvement are seen.
- Electron microscopy (negative contrast)
- Detection of pathogens
- In almost 50% of cases, the hands or fingers are affected, otherwise the face and neck
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